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Smoking Rooms

Will cigarette ash in air conditioned smoking rooms be removed by the Bio-Oxygen process?

remove cigarette particles bio oxygenIt is imperative to get the correct filter to remove cigarette ask from your smoking area. Cigarette Ash Particles are up to 0.10 micron in size so your filter must be able to handle particles of this size.

If you are removing cigarette ask from a smoking room and your return air filter is 0.30 micron, then the 0.10 micron cigarette ash particles will directly pass through. As a consequence, cigarette ash particles will build-up in the room and will become visible as dust haze.

For effective removal of airborne Cigarette Ash Particles, Air Filters should be used that are certified to remove minimum 40% of 0.10 micron particles in  a single pass.

Standard F5 Grade Air Filters are only designed to remove 0.30 micron particles, leaving the 0.10 micron Cigarette Ash Particles to pass through straight through. If a designer or customer installs the incorrect F5 grade filters in a smoking room, the resulting dust haze produced is a direct result and responsibility lies with the designer and customer.

We take safety and health very seriously and this is why Bio-Oxygen can nominate effective manufacturers of 0.10 micron Cigarette Ash Filters.

Non-Smoking Rooms

For Non-Smoking rooms, for the removal of ordinary Particulates and Dust, 0.10 micron filters should be used. This is because they are  certified to remove minimum 20% of 0.10 micron particles in one pass and this is ideal for a healthy environment.

The 0.10 micron filters are very good for desert areas because it removes 0.10 micron dust particles. These dust particles are responsible for breathing difficulties. Standard F5 filters are too coarse because they only remove particles larger than 0.30 micron and therefore 0.10 dust particles will settles inside the building.

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Microorganisms and Microbes

bacteriaA majority of this planets living material is made up of microorganisms and microbes. Microorganisms, also known as microbes, are microscopic, single celled organisms. Made from either a single cell (unicellular), cell clusters or multiple cells, these relatively complex organisms help the earths ecosystem to function.

Each type of microorganism is unique in the way it moves and reproduces. Most microorganisms are essential to the breakdown of organic materials (decomposition) and producing the planet’s oxygen. They are also known for keeping the health of humans and animals.

There are 7 types of microorganisms and microbes:

1. Bacteria: Bacteria are unicellular and exist in 4 shapes: rod shape, sphere, spiral and curved. They can exist in the presence of oxygen or without. Bacteria make their own food by using the energy of light from the sun as well as from chemical reactions or consuming other organisms, such as decaying life.


2. Archea:

Archaea can survive in the harshest of environments such as those that are incredibly salty, in extreme cold temperatures, extreme hot temperatures and some can produce methane. They absorb sunlight with their membrane pigment, which then reacts with light to produce an energy molecule known as adenosine triphosphate. They also use energy sources such as like hydrogen gas, carbon dioxide, and sulphur.

3. Protozoa: Protozoa are quite complex unicellular who have developed specialised structures to gain nourishment. They make up the largest group of organisms on the planet in terms of biomass, diversity and sheer numbers. They use various methods to obtain locomotion, with some even producing tiny hairs to obtain movement.


4. Algae:

Algae are also known as cyanobacteria and are multicellular. They obtain nourishment via photosynthesis and live in many environments such as water and sewerage plants, rocks and also in damp soil. They product oxygen, which is used by other organisms. It is thought that these bacterial are where todays land based plants have their origins.

5. Fungi:

Or mushrooms, moulds and yeasts are multicellular. They get their nutrients from absorbing organic material decomposing in their environment. They also form harmful relationships with their hosts, forming tubes to help absorb more material. They release spores to reproduce.

6. Viruses:

Viruses are not considered to be living, as they are non-cellular and are surrounded by a coat of protein. They can only reproduce outside a host cell and are unable to metabolise on their own. Viruses usually infest prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells which causes disease.


(multi cellular animals known as helminths): parasites, which are known as helminths are multicellular and eukaryotic and consist of worms that are either round or flat. They are usually large enough to be seen without a microscope once they have matured.


Bchytridiomycota fungusacteria, Fungus, Yeast, Mould & Mildew Spores, Virus and Protozoa are removed by our  Bio-Oxygen Process.

microorganisms and microbes can be present in many environments. Oxygen Clusters contain 1 – 4 extra electrons and when an organism is engulfed by Clusters of Oxygen then the body of the organism constitutes the Earth Point or lower potential against which all the surrounding Oxygen Clusters discharge their surplus electrons in a rapid short circuit discharge, same as a capacitor discharges its electrons against a lower potential. The organism is continually bombarded with electrons from all sides and when the surplus electrons of one Oxygen Cluster are exhausted another cluster takes its place until the organism eventually dies from hundreds or thousands of electron shots. Organisms can develop immunity to disinfectants but there is no immunity to electron shots.

Organisms with Soft Cell Wall

Most organisms have a soft cell wall. The organism is continually bombarded with electron shots. The electron shots puncture the soft cell wall and, as a result, the organism dies. Organisms with a soft cell wall are the easiest organisms to kill. The anti-biotic resistant MRSA organism, Staphylococcus Aureus, has a soft cell wall and is one of the easiest organisms to kill with the Bio-Oxygen Process.

Organisms with Tough Cell Wall

Spores have a tough cell wall. In order to kill Spores, they would have to be boiled in a pressure cooker for 2 hours at 120 C. Boiling at 100C for hours does not kill Spores. Spores are continually bombarded with electron shots until the cell wall is punctured or cracked and, as a result, the Spore dies.

Organisms with Hard Cell

Wall Some organisms have a Hard Cell Wall. The hard cell wall is continually bombarded with electron shots until the cell wall is punctured or Bacteria is a microorganismcracked and, as a result, the organism dies.

Organisms with Lipid Envelope

Some organisms have a lipid envelope. Lipids are fats and are very easily oxidised and once the lipid envelope is oxidised, the organism is exposed and dies.

Anaerobic Bacteria

Anaerobic Bacteria live in an environment devoid of oxygen and to anaerobic bacteria even ordinary oxygen is toxic. When anaerobic bacteria is engulfed by clusters of oxygen composed of 100% pure oxygen and is bombarded with electrons shots, it quickly dies.

Inside a bacteria microorganismAerobic Bacteria

Aerobic Bacteria live in normal air containing 21% oxygen, however, when aerobic bacteria is engulfed in clusters of oxygen composed of 100% pure oxygen and is continually bombarded with electron shots, it quickly dies.

How long does it take to kill a Micro-organism?

(A) The speed with which an organism is killed depends mainly on the size of the organism. The larger the organism, obviously the more electron shots it can take and the smaller the organism, the less electron shots it can take. Viruses are the smallest organisms and can only take a few electron shots. Most other organisms like Bacteria, Fungus, Yeast, Mould, Mildew etc are 100 – 1000 times larger than Viruses and therefore can take much more electron shots. On a time scale, Viruses are killed in seconds whilst all other organisms are killed in minutes.

(B) The length of time also depends on whether the organism has a soft, tough or hard cell wall because it takes time for the electron shots to puncture or crack a tough or hard cell wall. Don’t forget that it takes minimum 2 hours in a pressure cooker at 120 C to kill spores and it can take just as long for the Oxygen Clusters to kill spores at ambient temperature, without boiling.

microorganisms and microbes are essential for the health of the planet, but can also become a nuisance. The Bio-Oxygen process can control these microorganisms and microbes to keep the air and environment healthy.

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Sick Building Syndrome

symptoms of Sick Building Syndrome are usually nonspecific

Sick Building Syndrome is a term used to describe a number of symptoms experienced by people who work or live in a building. The symptoms of Sick Building Syndrome are usually nonspecific and are usually accompanied by a general feeling of ill health. In a work environment, staff who are continuously unwell are absent from work more often and the syndrome represents a major occupational hazard.

The sick building syndrome describes a situation where no apparent cause for the continued illness of a specific group of people can be explained or identified. Complainants could be from all parts of the building or they can be from specific localised clusters. Health conditions suffered by the claimants are as follows:

Common Symptoms of Sick Building Syndrome

Headaches, reports of feeling dizzy, nausea, irritation of the eye, nose or throat possibly accompanied by a hoarse voice, a dry cough, skin conditions such as dryness or itchiness, difficulty in concentrating, fatigue, sensitivity to odours, inflammation of allergies, influenza and common cold symptoms, increased reports of asthma attacks and changes in personality (mental). Pregnancy problems and miscarriages have also been reported in sick buildings.

Although some neurotoxins can remain in the body, for the most part suffers of Sick Building Syndrome often report relief from their symptoms shortly after exiting the location.

Legionnaire’s disease is another disease which has been known to originate in the cooling towers of buildings. The same organism which Office buildingcauses legionnaires disease is also responsible for Pontiac fever. Humidifiers which have been contaminated with microorganisms have spread disease by humans breathing in the water droplets. Once infected, conditions such as respiratory infections as well as asthma and extrinsic allergic elveolitis, sometimes referred to as Monday Fever have been noted.

What causes Sick Building Syndrome?

It is thought that sick building syndrome is caused by chemical contaminants such as pollutants from outdoors being pumped inside the building. Also if the car park is not adequately ventilated, chemicals can leech in. Car parks produce formaldehyde, radon, lead paint, dust or asbestos which can enter the building through intake vents.

Pollutants originating from within the building have also been pinpointed as being responsible for sick buildings. Contaminants known for irritation are volatile organic compounds such as new carpets or upholstery and adhesives used in construction. Pesticides and other cleaning chemicals, combustion chemicals from stoves and heaters as well as personal deodorants and synthetic fragrances can also irritate.

Pollutants which can come from biological contaminants can also contribute to sick building. Fungus, moulds, pollen, viruses and bacteria all breed in water that is stagnant. Bird droppings are also host to a number of bacteria. Fever, chills, muscle aches, pains, a tight chest and cough are all symptoms stemming from biological contaminants.

Healthy Air

If a building has a lot of occupants, the spread of disease (particularly airborne diseases) can spread more rapidly. This is made worse with ineffectively sanitised air conditioner systems. Ventilation is an important consideration to avoid indoor air pollution.

Healthy air has an excess of Negative over Positive Ions. As the air in a building is re-circulated and is pumped through the ducting system, the friction of the air flowing through the ducts destroys Negative Ions. The destruction of negative ions results in an excess of Positive Ions.

Negative Ions are healthy whilst Positive Ions are detrimental to good healthbio-oxygen process cleans air in sick buildings. As the Positive Ions increase, people in hermetically sealed buildings begin to get tired, lose concentration and become irritable. The Oxygen Clusters produced by the Bio-Oxygen Process reduce excessive Positive Ions and Sick Building Syndrome. This is because they inject clouds of Electrons into the supply air, which counteract the Positive Ions. Further to this, Bio-Oxygen freshens and invigorates the room air.

Clean, fresh air can alleviate tiredness and restore loss of concentration in workers working long hours. Tired people can’t concentrate and therefore are more likely to make mistakes. Mistakes cost time and money to correct and reflects badly on your company’s image.

Breathing Difficulties

Many people have a constantly blocked nose or constant sniffles. This can contribute to a constant cough and difficulty breathing, which can be made worse when a person is breathing air-conditioned air. The super fresh and super clean Oxygen Cluster Air clears the breathing passages which enables better breathing. Workers who suffer from these ailments, usually report significant improvement and they begin enjoying coming to work.


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Air Sterilisation

Using effective air sterilisation techniques is important in the prevention of infections. This is especially true in health care settings. There are a number of articles published which document improper air sterilisation. It is imperative to use appropriate techniques which sterilise the air in order to prevent the spread of disease.

Air Sterilisation for Hospitals and Healthcare Establishments

Inside a healthcare establishment, the air carries significant amounts of particulate matter, spores, virus, bacteria as well as volatile organic compounds. The volatile organic compounds are emitted by the furniture finish as well as the use of some cleaning solutions. Dust, dander and other pollen can be transported into the building on the clothes and skin of workers and patients.

Fumes and gasses can also be found contaminating inside air, which can easily infect patients after being transferred by the hands of humans.

Traditionally, hospitals have a raised risk of infection to those whose immunity has been compromised. This is due to bacteria and viruses which are airborne remaining active through the HVAC system. This can lead to a widespread outbreak throughout the entire building.

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