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Free Radicals and OH Radicals

Free Radicals and OH Radicals diagramFree Radicals and OH Radicals are atoms and molecules that are deficient in electrons. These molecules they steal electrons from other stable molecules as they bump into them.

When a stable molecule loses electrons, it becomes a Free Radical itself and begins a chain reaction.Free radicals are quite important in chemical processes.

The Bio-Oxygen Process produces clouds of electrons. As the Free Radicals and OH Radicals flow through the electron shower, they receive all the missing electrons they need. The Bio-Oxygen Process extinguishes Free Radicals by making them whole again.

Free Radicals and OH Radicals cannot exist in a Bio-Oxygen installation. Free Radicals are detrimental to good health and have been associated with Cancer, Heart Disease and Premature Aging.


In highly populated areas air pollution is a problem. The reaction of sunlight with hydrocarbons, ozone and nitrogen compounds are released via exhaust from automobiles. This pollution is a major health problem and can cause disease and illness with children being the most susceptible.

OH Radicals

OH radicals is hydroxide ion in a neutral form. Hydroxyl radicals easily form into hydroxyl groups and are short lived and also highly reactive.


These atoms are neutralised using the Bio Oxygen process, as it replaces the missing electrons, the Free Radicals cease to exist.

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Microbiological Induced Corrosion MIC

Microbiological Induced Corrosion MIC

Microbiological Induced Corrosion MIC causes metals and concrete to crumble and lose it’s stability. This type of corrosion is caused by bacteria and can cause havoc in large structures that suddenly become unstable due to corrosion.

There are micro-organisms that eat Timber, Plastics, Cement and even Metals and most other materials. Fungus causes wood rot. Many plastics are bio-degradable. Micro-biologically Induced Corrosion causes concrete to crumble. Many MICROBIOLOGICAL INDUCED CORROSION MICConcrete and Steel Structures have to be replaced prematurely because Micro-biologically Induced Corrosion was not recognized.

Which organisms cause MIC?

Various organisms cause microbiological induced corrosion, such as:

  • Sulphate Reducing Bacteria (SRB) found in sewerage systems,
  • Acid Producing Bacteria (APB) found in sewerage
  • Iron Oxidising Bacteria (IOB) found in sewerage systems and air conditioning


The Bio-Oxygen Process kills the organisms that cause Micro-biologically Induced Corrosion.

The Bio-Oxygen process is a process that can eliminate the need for expensive rebuilding projects for large scale structures. If you take a look at the way the Bio Oxygen process works, you will see that these organisms and bacteria that are responsible for making cement and steel begin to break down and crumble can be killed.

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Virus and Bacteria – Death of the Micro-organism

Virus and Bacteria – Death of the Micro-organism

Virus and bacteria can be present in air supply and can be spread through air conditioning systems. In order to keep the air sterilised, you must implement a continuous source of decontamination. The Bio-Oxygen process decontaminates, disinfects and deodorises the supply air.

The Bio-Oxygen electrode tubes emit free electrons. These electrons are absorbed by the oxygen molecules as their air flows through the electron shower. Electrons make the oxygen molecules strongly magnetic.

Bio Oxygen emulates nature. At sunrise every morning, the sun rains down a cloud of electrons, magnetising the oxygen gas in the atmosphere. Making oxygen molecules magnetic which kills viruses and bacteria in the air.

Oxygen Clusters

Oxygen Clusters contain 1 – 4 extra electrons. When an organism is engulfed by Clusters of Oxygen then the body of the organism constitutes the Earth Point or lower potential against which all the surrounding Oxygen Clusters bacteria (Custom)discharge their surplus electrons.

Electrons are discharged in a rapid short circuit discharge, same as a capacitor discharges its electrons against a lower potential.

The organism is continually bombarded with electrons from all sides. While this is happening, the surplus electrons of one Oxygen Cluster are exhausted another cluster takes its place. This continues until the organism eventually dies from hundreds or thousands of electron shots. Organisms can develop immunity to disinfectants but there is no immunity to electron shots.

Organisms with Soft Cell Wall

Most organisms have a soft cell wall. The organism is continually bombarded with electron shots. The electron shots puncture the soft cell wall and, as a result, the organism dies. Organisms with a soft cell wall are the easiest organisms to kill.

The antibiotic resistant MRSA organism, Staphylococcus Aureus, has a soft cell wall and is one of the easiest organisms to kill with the Bio-Oxygen Process.

Organisms with Tough Cell Wall

Spores have a tough cell wall. In order to kill Spores, they would have to be boiled in a pressure cooker for 2 hours at 120 C. Boiling at 100C for hours does not kill Spores.

Spores are continually bombarded with electron shots until the cell wall is punctured or cracked and, as a result, the Spore dies.

ebolaOrganisms with Hard Cell Wall

Some organisms have a Hard Cell Wall. The hard cell wall is continually bombarded with electron shots until the cell wall is punctured or cracked and, as a result, the organism dies.

Organisms with Lipid Envelope

Some organisms have a lipid envelope. Lipids are fats and are very easily oxidised and once the lipid envelope is oxidised, the organism is exposed and dies.


Anaerobic Bacteria

Anaerobic Bacteria live in an environment devoid of oxygen and to anaerobic bacteria even ordinary oxygen is toxic. When anaerobic bacteria is engulfed by clusters of oxygen composed of 100% pure oxygen and is bombarded with electrons shots, it quickly dies.

bacteriumAerobic Bacteria

Aerobic Bacteria live in normal air containing 21% oxygen, however, when aerobic bacteria is engulfed in clusters of oxygen composed of 100% pure oxygen and is continually bombarded with electron shots, it quickly dies.

How long does it take to kill a Micro-organism?

(A) The speed with which an organism is killed depends mainly on the size of the organism. The larger the organism, obviously the more electron shots it can take and the smaller the organism, the less electron shots it can take. Viruses are the smallest organisms and can only take a few electron shots. Most other organisms like Bacteria, Fungus, Yeast, Mould, Mildew etc. are 100 – 1000 times larger than Viruses and therefore can take much more electron shots. On a time scale, Viruses are killed in seconds whilst all other organisms are killed in minutes.

(B) The length of time also depends on whether the organism has a soft, tough or hard cell wall because it takes time for the electron shots to puncture or crack a tough or hard cell wall. Don’t forget that it takes minimum 2 hours in a pressure cooker at 120 C to kill spores and it can take just as long for the Oxygen Clusters to kill spores at ambient temperature, without boiling.

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Respirable Particles & Clean Rooms

What are Respirable Particles and What is a Clean Room Used For?

Respirable Particles are microscopic particles up to 0.10 micron in size and consist mainly of organic material. A clean room is a controlled environment that is free from dust and particles. Clean rooms are usually used for scientific research or assembling electonics. respirable particles are tiny containment particles such as dust, smoke or fibres.

In Clean Rooms, standard 0.30 micron HEPA Filters are generally used to remove Respirable Particles. These HEPA Filters can only remove particles larger than 0.30 micron. It is for this reason, HEPA Filters are virtually useless in Clean Rooms because you cannot remove 0 – 0.10 micron particles with a 0.30 micron HEPA Filter.

Standard HEPA Filters (0.30 mircon)

Standard HEPA Filters remove particles down to 0.30 micron. Therefore smaller particles pass straight through a HEPA Filter and accumulate in the room. Eventually the particles fall out and contaminate the products being produced or processed in the clean room, such as Computer Chips, Micro Tracks on Circuit Boards and Medicines. The fall-out of airborne particles can cause up to 80% of products to be rejected.

Dust produced in Clean Room

The airborne Dust in a Clean Room is actually produced from within the Clean Room itself. This dust is the result of the processes, the activity and the people working inside the Clean Room. The dust that is produced in the clean room cannot be  removed by the HEPA Filters located in the fresh air intake. This is because the HEPA Filters only filter the Fresh Air going into the room and do not remove the dust being produced in the room itself. This is primarially because the air  in the Clean Room is not re-circulated over the HEPA Filters. The air conditioning of a clean room is always a flow-through system and not a re-circulating system. A flow through system actually increases the particle count in the room.

Special 0.10 micron Bio-Oxygen HEPA Filters

For Clean Rooms, special 0.10 micron HEPA Filters should be installed. Respirable Particles smaller than 0.10 micron particles consist predominantly of organic material which are oxidisable and are effectively removed by the Bio-Oxygen Process. Our special HEPA Filters remove particles larger than 0.10 micron and the Bio- Oxygen Process removes particles smaller than 0.10 micron. The Bio-Oxygen Process will reduce the fall-out of particulates in your Clean Room by up to 90% and consequently if we lower the particle count by up to 90%, we will also lower the product rejection rate by up to 90%.

Extend Service Life of HEPA Filters

If Bio-Oxygen units are installed upstream from the HEPA Filter then the Oxygen Clusters will oxidise most of the trapped micro-organisms and organic material in the pores of your HEPA Filters and will maintain the airflow through the HEPA filter longer. As a bonus, Bio-Oxygen is likely to double the life of your HEPA Filters.

Furthermore, the Oxygen Clusters not only remove Respirable Particles but also remove Odours, Gases and Chemicals which HEPA Filters cannot remove. In addition to that, the Oxygen Clusters also kill Bacteria, Fungus, Yeast, Mould, Mildew, Spores, Viruses, Protozoa and other Micro-Organisms in the air and on surfaces in the Clean Room which is also beyond the ability of any HEPA Filter.

Bio-Oxygen Process

The Bio-Oxygen Process re-arranges the oxygen molecules in the Clean Room. These molecules are converted into Oxygen Clusters. These oxygen Clusters, in turn, oxidise the airborne Respirable Particles smaller than 0.10 micron in the room air. The Bio-Oxygen HEPA filters remove particles larger than 0.10 micron.

The Oxygen Clusters oxidise the Respirable Particles as the particles are produced in the room. The Bio-Oxygen Process removes Respirable Particles in mid air in up to 1 minute, depending on particle size. Therefore the concentration of Respirable Particles in a Clean Room can only be as much as can be produced in the room in up to 1 minute.

For the Oxygen Clusters, the smaller the particle, the easier and the faster they are oxidised. This means that a 0.001 micron particle is easier and faster removed than a 0.10 micron particle. For filters, the opposite applies. The smaller the particle, the more impossible it becomes to remove with a filter.

In any event, there is no filter anywhere in the world that is able to remove particles smaller than 0.10 micron and 0.10 micron is definitely the limit, even for the most efficient HEPA Filter. However, for the Bio-Oxygen Process, 0.10 micron is only the starting point. The Bio-Oxygen Process oxidises particles from 0 – 0.10 micron in less than 1 minute.

100% Outside Air

Usually, in order to prevent the build-up of Particulates or Bacteria in a Clean Room, the air conditioning system is always a flow-through system that uses 100% outside air. The theory is that the more air flows through a Clean Room, the faster particulates and bacteria will be flushed out of the room.

The air conditioning system usually provides minimum 20 – 30 air changes per hour or 1 air change every 2 – 3 minutes. The conditioned air comes in on one side of the room. And after 2 – 3 minutes is exhausted on the other side of the room. Therefore, the air conditioning system of a clean room is a 100% wasteful system. We say this because it wastes 100% of the conditioned air.

An air conditioning system that uses 100% outside air will run flat out 100% of the time. This means the air conditioning compressors consume an excessive amount of power. This causes themm to wear out faster and, as a result, also break down more often. During a heat wave, this is exacabated.

The harder that the air conditioning has to work, the more power it consumes. This causes the equipment to wear out and eventually break down. Unnecessary break-downs cause production down-time, extra maintenance and repair costs and faster equipment depreciation. The Bio-Oxygen Process prevents all that.

Bio-Oxygen Process

By comparison, with Bio-Oxygen, you can run the air conditioning system of your Clean Room as a normal return air system. Our system runs with up to 80% Return Air and as little as 20% Outside Air.

As you reduce the outside air intake from 100% Outside Air to 20% Outside Air, your air conditioning compressor will run on idle. This causes the power consumption to drop by up to 50%. The savings in electricity and reduced wear and tear of your air conditioning compressors and reduced break-downs will pay for the Bio-Oxygen equipment.

Our special HEPA Filters will remove particles larger then 0.10 micron and the Bio-Oxygen Process will remove particles and organisms smaller than 0.10 micron (from 0 to 0.10 micron). We can give you much cleaner air with 80% return air than you are currently getting with 100% outside air. Your Clean Room is dirty in relation to what Bio-Oxygen

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HEPA Filter Compared to Bio-Oxygen

HEPA Filter vs Bio-Oxygen

If you are wondering how HEPA Filter Compared to Bio-Oxygen, you will find many differences. HEPA filter stands for high-efficiency particulate arrester. HEPA is a mechanical filter which cleans the air by forcing it through a mesh to trap particles. Pollen, pet dander and smoke are some of the particles it can trap. These filters are mass produced and are found inside air purifiers.

Standard HEPA Filters remove Particulates and Micro-Organisms larger than 0.30 micron.

Due to the large 0.30 micron pore size of HEPA Filters, 0.10 micron particles pass straight through the 0.30 micron HEPA filter. This is even if the efficiency of the HEPA filter is 99.99%. Unfortunately HEPA Filters only remove Micro-Organisms and Particulates larger than 0.30 micron.
Particles smaller than 0.30 microns pass unhindered through the filter. Particulates consist mainly of organic material because they are light and stay suspended in the air. Organic material builds up in the pores of the HEPA Filters. This organic material provides a source of food for the trapped organisms.

Why Bio-Oxygen air filters are superior

Within a short time, the HEPA Filter becomes a breeding ground and becomes overgrown with all sorts of micro-organisms. This causes the HEPA Filter itself to become a source of infection. As the air flows through the infected HEPA Filter, Bacteria, Fungus, Yeast, Mould,  Mildew and Spores etc are continually dislodged from the downstream side of the HEPA Filters. These are then blown into the room.

Viruses cannot be removed from the air even with a 99.99% efficiency HEPA Filters because they are at least 1000 times smaller than the 0.30 micron pore size of the HEPA Filter. Unfortunately Viruses pass straight through a HEPA Filter, making them unsuitable for spaces which need to keep the air free from viruses. The Oxygen Clusters kill the organisms in the pores of the HEPA Filter.

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